History

• Colonial Era

Its wealth in natural resources, especially as a producer of plantation commodities traded on the world market, has made Indonesian Territory dominated by the Dutch East Indies to attract foreign countries to participate in developing the trade business of plantation commodities. To regulate the flow of foreign arrivals into the territory of the Dutch East Indies, the colonial government in 1913 established the Secretary Office of Immigration Commission and as its duties and functions continued to developed, in 1921 the Secretary Office of Immigration Commission was changed into immigratie dients (immigration agency).

Immigration agency in the Dutch East Indies colonial era was under the Director of Justice, which in its organization structure there seemed to be formation of sections, such as visa section and other sections as needed. Corps official immigration was expanded. High educated and experienced officers were hired at the main office. Many of them were sent from the Nedherlands (uitgezonden krachten). All key positions of immigration services were in the hands of Dutch officials.

The immigration policy regulated by the Dutch East Indies government was open door politic (opendeur politiek). Through this policy, the Dutch East Indies government opened the widest opportunity for foreigners to enter, stay and become citizens of the Dutch East Indies. The main purpose to the implementation of the “open door” immigration policy was to gain allies and investors from other countries in developing export of plantation commodity in the Dutch East Indies territory. Moreover, the foreigners presence was also used to collectively exploit and suppress the indigenous people.

Although the number was growing (an addition to the immigration agency offices in several region), the organization structure of the Dutch East Indies government immigration agency was relatively simple. This was presummably related to the relatively small number of arrival and departure mobility from and/or to other country at that time. There were only three (3) immigration sections which was managed during the Dutch East Indies governance, namely: (a) entry permit and stay permit section; (b) foreigners residency section for; and (c) citizenship section. The government regulations used to manage those three sections were Admission Decision (Toelatings Besluit) 1916; Admission Order (Toelatings Ordonnantie) 1917; and  Pasport Scheme (Paspor Regelings) 1918. 

Proses pendaftaran orang asing phase I (POA-I) tahun 1954.

Foreigners registration process phase I (POA-I) in 1954.

Independence Revolution Era

The colonial era of the Dutch East Indies began to end with the entry of Japan to Indonesian territory in 1942. However, during the Japanese colonial era there was almost no fundamental change in the immigration regulations. In other words, during the Japanese colonial era the law product of the Dutch East Indies was still used. The importance of immigration regulation existence reached its momentum when Indonesia proclaiming its independence in 17 August 1945.

There were four (4) important events related to immigration after the proclamation of independence of the Republic of Indonesia, namely: (1) Repatriation of Allied Prisoners of War and Internees (APWI) and Japanese soldier; this event was marked by the transport of ex APWI as well as disarmament and transport of Japanese soldiers, particularly in Central Java and generally in Java and Indonesia, which was managed by

Panitia Oeroesan Pengangkoetan Djepang (POPDA); (2) Barter, weapons and aircraft purchase; in the era of Independence Revolution, the fighters often travelled abroad, such as entering Singapore and Malaysia, without passport; (3) Diplomatic struggle; started with organizing Inter Asian Conference in New Delhi. In that occasion, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs Republic of Indonesia finally managed to issue “Certificate in lieu of a passport” as the first interstate travel document after the independence, for the official mission of legitimate Indonesian government in the conference. Indonesian delegation led by H. Agus Salim introduced “Diplomatic Passport” of Indonesian government to the International world; and (4) Immigration in Aceh; Aceh as the only Indonesian territory which never colonized by the Dutch had established immigration offices in five cities since 1945 and continue to operate during the independence revolution era. The establishment of immigration office in Aceh since 1945 was conducted by Amirudin. An important event during this era was that Immigration Bureau which originally under the Department of Justice, in 1947 had turned under the authority of the Department of Foreign Affairs.

Moreover, to prevent legal vacuum, the existing immigration law and regulation as a product of the Dutch East Indies government had to be revoked and replaced by a legal product in harmony with the soul of independence.  During the independence revolution era, there were two legal products of the Dutch East Indies related to immigration revoked, namely: (a) Toelatings Besluit (1916) was replaced by Stipulation of Entry Permit, which was added to State Gazette Number 330 of 1949, and (b) Toelatings Ordonnantie (1917) was replaced by Entry Permit Order in the State Gazette Number 331 of 1949. During the independence revolution era, immigration institution still used organization structure and working procedure of immigration agency (Immigratie Dients) from the Dutch East Indies..

 

Foreigners registration process phase I (POA-I) in 1954 in Bandung Immigration Office.

 

• The Era of United Republic of Indonesia (RIS)

The United Republic of Indonesia is the climax of the long history in the establishment of immigration institution in Indonesia. In this era, immigration agency as the product of the Dutch East Indies was handed over to Indonesian government in 26 January 1950. The organization structure, working procedure and several legal products of the Dutch East Indies related to immigration was still used, as long as it was not contradictory to the interest of Indonesia. The Head of Immigration Bureau was led by Indonesian native, Mr. H.J Adiwinata, for the first time. The organization structure of the immigration bureau continued the structure of the old immigration agency (immigratie dients), while the organization of immigration bureau was still simple and under the coordination of the Ministry of Justice, whether operational-tactical, administrative, or organizational.

 

In the beginning of 1950, as a newly independent nation which was still in the atmosphere of upheaval, the supporting facilities and infrastructure of immigration bureau was still very limited and simple. The most fundamental difficulty was the small number of indigenous officers who understand the duty and function of immigration. Therefore, because it was a part of transition period, the immigration bureau still hired Dutch employees. From a total of 459 employees of immigration bureau in Indonesia, 160 employees were Dutch. The basic law and regulations used by the immigration bureau of the United Republic of Indonesia was still the legacy of the Dutch East Indies, namely: (a) Indische Staatsregeling, (b) Toelatings Besluit, (c) Toelatings Ordonnantie.

 

In a relatively short period, the immigration bureau in the era of the United Republic of Indonesia had issued three (3) legal products, namely (a) Decision of Minister of Justice of the United Republic of Indonesia, Number JZ/239/12, dated 12 July 1950 on passenger report to the head of custom when harbouring in an unofficial sea port, (b)

 

Emergency Law of the United Republic of Indonesia, Number 40 of 1950 on Travel Document of the Republic of Indonesia, and (c) Emergency Law of the United Republic of Indonesia, Number 42 of 1950 on Immigration Fees (State Gazette Number 84 of 1950, Supplement to State Gazette Number 77).

Mr. H. Joesoef Adiwinata birefed Immigration Staff.

The Era of Parliamentary Democracy

 

The crucial period in the era of United Republic of Indonesia continued in the Era of Parliamentary Democracy, one of which related to the end of employment contract of the Dutch employees at the end of 1952. The end of their employment contract became a crucial thing because at that time the Indonesian government was rapidly developing the immigration bureau. During the period of 1950-1960, the immigration bureau opened immigration offices and appointed new sea ports.

 

On a decade of immigration services, 26 January 1960, immigration bureau had successfully developed its organization by establishing the Immigration Head Office in Jakarta, 26 regional immigration offices, 3 immigration offices, 1 immigration inspectorate office and 7 immigration post abroad. In the field of immigration human resources, in January 1960, the total number of immigration bureau employees had increased to 1256 people, all of them are Indonesian, included administrative officers and immigration technical officers.

 

In the field of immigration control, from this period, Indonesian government has the freedom to change the immigration colonial policy of opendeur politiek (open door politic) into selective policy. The selective policy was based on the protection of national interest and emphasized in a principle of granting a greater protection for Indonesian citizen. Approaches used and conducted simultaneously included prosperity approach and security approach. Several immigration controls issued were: (1) immigration mobility control; namely immigration documents check of passengers and ship crew from abroad conducted on board during the voyage, (2) Control in the field of foreigner residency, by the enactment of Emergency Law Number 9 of 1955 on Foreigner Recidency (State Gazette of 1955 Number 33, Supplement to State Gazette Number 812), (3) Control in the field of foreigner supervision, by the enactment of Emergency Law Number 9 of 1953 on Foreigner Supervision (State Gazette of 1953 Number 64, Supplement to State Gazette Number 463), (4) Control regarding offense/criminal conduct/criminal event/criminal act in immigration field, by the enactment of Emergency Law Number 8 of 1955 on Immigration Criminal Acts (State Gazette of 1955 Number 28, Supplement to State Gazette Number 807), (5) Control in the field of citizenship, in this period, an important regulation product on citizenship was enacted, namely Regulation Number 2 of 1958 on Agreement Between the Republic of Indonesia and the People Republic of China on Dual Citizenship (State Gazette of 1958 Number), (6) and Regulation Number 62 of 1958 on Citizenship of the Republic of Indonesia (State Gazette of 1958 Number 113, Supplement to State Gazette Number 1647), (7) Chinese Citizenship Problem, (8) Implementation of Foreigner Registration. 

 

In addition, legal product related to immigration were managed gradually in this era, such as visa, passport and interstate travel document, handling of immigration criminal act, foreigner registration, and citizenship. One of important legal products issued during the era of Parliamentary Democracy was replacement of Pasport Scheme (1918) with Regulation Number 14 of 1959 on Travel Document of the Republic of Indonesia (State Gazette of 1959 Number 56, Supplement to State Gazette Number 1799). 

 

 

Immigration officer in the early days of Indonesian immigration.

• Era of New Order

The era of New Order government was the longest era since Indonesian independence. That long government era had given a great contribution to the consolidation of immigration institution, even though in its implementation there was several changes of the main organization. A relatively high political stability and economic development during the New Order encouraged immigration institution in Indonesia to grow and be professional in providing its services to the public. In this era, there were several changes of cabinet organization and department division of duties, which in turn brought changes to the immigration organization. On 3 November 1966, the policy on Organization Structure and Department Division of Duties was enacted and changed the institution of Directorate of Immigration, as one of the main executors in the Department of Justice, into the Directorate General of Immigration which was led by a Director General of Immigration. This change was followed by the construction of extensive physical infrastructure in the Directorate General of Immigration. The construction of office buildings, official residences, immigration post, as well as detention house was conducted year after year. In the field of HR and career development, the zigzag system (not fixated on one post) of employee career placement and development of the Directorate General of Immigration was continued. The career coaching system in immigration field was also continuously enhanced by maintaining the principle of professionalism and justice.

The increasing workload and need for data accuracy encouraged the Directorate General of Immigration to immediately implement a computerized system in the field of immigration. At the beginning of 1978, for the first time, the computerized system was established in the Directorate General of Immigration, while the use of computers on immigration information system began on 1 January 1979.

In the field of immigration legislation in the era of New Order, in supporting the Government National Development program, many immigration regulation products were created to streamline immigration services and/or supporting various development sectors, including regulation related to: (1) immigration services, (2) completion of landing document check on board of hajj pilgrims in 1974, (3) completion of document check on board of Garuda Indonesia aircraft, with flight route Jakarta – Tokyo, (4) improvement of passport printing quality, (5) regulating border crossing issues, (6) regulating exemption for immigration facilities, (7) handling of illegal Indonesian Workers in the border area, (8) regulating organization of umrah, (9) regulating issues related to prohibited exit and prohibited entry, (10) regulating immigration matters related to manpower, (11) regulating visa in 1979, (12) issues related to foreigner who enter to and/or stay in Indonesian territory illegally, (13) abolishing exit permit for Indonesian Citizen.

One thing unforgettable in this era of New Order was the issuance of the new immigration regulation, namely Regulation Number 9 of 1992 on Immigration (State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia of 1992 Number 33, Supplement to State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia Number 3474), passed by the House of Representatives on 4 March 1992. In addition to being the result of the previous regulations, part of it was left by the Dutch East Indies Government, this Immigration Regulation was also compiled from the substances scattered in the previous products of immigration regulation, until the Regulation Number 9 of 1992 came into effect.

The issuance of Regulation Number 9 of 1992 was followed by the stipulation of Government Regulations as its implementation in: (1) Government Regulation Number 30 of 1994 on Procedure of Prohibited Exit and Prohibited Entry (State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia of 1994 Number 53, Supplement to State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia Number 3561), (2) Government Regulation Number 31 of 1994 on Foreigner Supervision and Immigration Action (State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia of 1994 Number 54, Supplement to State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia Number 3562), (3) Government Regulation Number 32 of 1994 on Visa, Entry Permit, and Immigration Permit (State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia of 1994 Number 55, Supplement to State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia Number 3563), and Government Regulation Number 36 of 1994 on Travel Document of the Republic of Indonesia (State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia of 1994 Number 65, Supplement to State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia Number 3572).

• Era Reformasi

Krisis ekonomi 1997 telah mengakhiri periode panjang era Orde Baru dan memasuki era reformasi. Aspirasi yang hidup dalam masyarakat, menginginkan komitmen yang kuat terhadap nilai-nilai Hak Asasi Manusia (HAM), tegaknya hukum dan keadilan, pemberantasan KKN, dan demokratisasi, tata kelola pemerintahan yang baik (good governance), transparansi, dan akuntabel terus didengungkan, termasuk diantaranya tuntutan percepatan otonomi daerah.

Pelayanan di loket permohonan paspor.

Sementara itu globalisasi informasi membuat dunia menyatu tanpa batas, mendorong negara-negara maju (WTO) untuk menjadikan dunia berfungsi sebagai sebuah pasar bebas mulai tahun 2000, serta mengutamakan perlindungan dan penegakam HAM serta demokratisasi. Arus globalisasi juga mengakibatkan semakin sempitnya batas-batas wilayah suatu negara (bordeless countries) dan mendorong semakin meningkatnya intensitas lalulintas orang antarnegara. Hal ini telah menimbulkan berbagai permasalahan di berbagai negara termasuk Indonesia yang letak geografisnya sangat strategis, yang pada gilirannya berpengaruh pada kehidupan masyarakat Indonesia serta bidang tugas keimigrasian. Dalam operasional di lapangan ditemukan beberapa permasalahan menyangkut orang asing yang memerlukan penanganan lebih lanjut. Lingkungan strategis global maupun domestik berkembang demikian cepat, sehingga menuntut semua perangkat birokrasi pemerintahan, termasuk keimigrasian di Indonesia untuk cepat tanggap dan responsif terhadap dinamika tersebut. Sebagai contoh, implementasi kerja sama ekonomi regional telah mempermudah lalu lintas perjalanan warga negara Indonesia maupun warga negara asing untuk keluar atau masuk ke wilayah Indonesia. Lonjakan perjalanan keluar atau masuk ke wilayah Indonesia tentu membutuhkan sistem manajamen dan pelayanan yang semakin handal dan akurat. Tugas keimigrasian saat ini semakin berat seiring dengan semakin maraknya masalah terorisme dan pelarian para pelaku tindak pidana ke luar negeri. Untuk mengatasi dinamika lingkungan strategis yang bergerak semakin cepat, bidang keimigrasian dituntut mengantispasi dengan berbagai peraturan perundang-undangan dan sarana-prasarana yang semakin canggih. Peraturan dan kebijakan keimigrasan juga harus responsif terhadap pergeseran tuntutan paradigma fungsi keimigrasian. Jika sebelumnya paradigma fungsi keimigrasian dalam pelaksanaan Undang Undang Nomor 9 Tahun 1992 lebih menekankan efisiensi pelayanan untuk mendukung isu pasar bebas yang bersifat global, namun kurang memperhatikan fungsi penegakan hukum dan fungsi sekuriti, mulai pada era ini harus diimbangi dengan fungsi keamanan dan penegakan hukum.

Dalam menghadapi masalah dan perkembangan dalam dan luar negeri tersebut, Direktorat Jenderal Imigrasi pada Era Reformasi ini telah melakukan beberapa program kerja sebagai berikut:

a.Penyempurnaan Peraturan Perundang-Undangan

Pemerintah memperbaharui Undang-Undang Nomor 9 Tahun 1992 tentang Keimigrasian. Hal ini berdasarkan beberapa perkembangan yang perlu diantisipasi, yakni: (1) Letak geografis wilayah Indonesia (kompleksitas permasalahan antar negara), (2) Perjanjian internasional/konvensi internasional yang berdampak terhadap pelaksanaan fungsi keimigrasian, (3) Meningkatnya kejahatan internasional dan transnasional, (4) Pengaturan mengenai deteni dan batas waktu terdeteni belum dilakukan secara komprehensif, (5) Pendekatan sistematis fungsi keimigrasian yang spesifik dan universal dengan memanfaatkan teknologi informasi dan komunikasi yang modern, (6) Penempatan struktur kantor imigrasi dan rumah detensi imigrasi sebagai unit pelaksana teknis di bawah Direktorat Jenderal Imigrasi, (7) Perubahan sistem kewarganegaraan berdasarkan Undang-Undang Nomor 12 Tahun 2006 tentang Kewarganegaraan Republik Indonesia, (8) Hak kedaulatan negara sesuai prinsip timbal balik (resiprositas) mengenai pemberian visa terhadap orang asing, (9) Kesepakatan dalam rangka harmonisasi dan standarisasi sistem dan jenis pengamanan dokumen perjalanan secara internasional, (10) Penegakan hukum keimigrasian belum efektif sehingga kebijakan pemidanaan perlu mencantumkan pidana minimum terhadap tindak pidana penyelundupan manusia, (11) Memperluas subyek pelaku tindak pidana Keimigrasian, sehingga mencakup tidak hanya orang perseorangan tetapi juga korporasi serta penjamin masuknya orang asing ke wilayah indonesia yang melanggar ketentuan keimigrasian, (12) Penerapan sanksi pidana yg lebih berat terhadap orang asing yang melanggar peraturan di bidang keimigrasian karena selama ini belum menimbulkan efek jera.

Suasana kerja proses penyelesaian penerbitan paspor di seksi lalu lintas keimigrasian (Lantaskim) kantor imigrasi.

Usulan untuk memperbarui Undang-Undang Nomor 9 Tahun 1992 tentang Keimigrasian-pun segera dimasukkan dalam Program Legislasi Nasional (Prolegnas) untuk dibahas oleh lembaga legistlatif (DPR). Setelah melalui pembahasan yang cukup panjang dengan Komisi III DPR, akhirnya Rancangan Undang-Undang Keimigrasian yang baru disetujui dan diusulkan untuk disahkan menjadi Undang-Undang pada Rapat Paripurna DPR tanggal 7 April 2011. Selanjutnya pada tanggal 5 Mei 2011, Presiden Republik Indonesia mengesahkan Undang-Undang Nomor 6 Tahun 2011 tentang Keimigrasian, yang diundangkan dalam Lembaran Negara Republik Indonesia Tahun 2011 Nomor 52, Tambahan Lembaran Negara Republik Indonesia Nomor 5126.

b.Kelembagaan

Sebagai dampak pelaksanaan otonomi daerah dan perkembangan yang terjadi di beberapa negara, maka tugas keimigrasian di daerah provinsi, kota/kabupaten maupun di negara yang bersangkutan terus mengalami peningkatan sejalan dengan karakteristik dinamika kehidupan masyarakat. Untuk mengantisipasi fenomena demikian Direktorat Jenderal Imigrasi telah membuat langkah kebijakan: (1) Pembentukan kantor-kantor imigrasi di daerah, (2) Peningkatan kelas beberapa kantor imigrasi, (3) Pembentukan direktorat intelijen, (4) Pembentukan rumah detensi imigrasi, (5) Penambahan tempat pemeriksaan imigrasi, dan (6) Pembentukan atase/konsul imigrasi pada perwakilan RI di Guangzhou-RRC.

Adapun jumlah kelembagaan imigrasi yang tersebar di daerah dan di luar negeri sampai dengan saat ini adalah sebagai berikut:

1)115 kantor imigrasi, yang terdiri dari terdiri dari :

a)7 kantor imigrasi kelas I khusus di :

Soekarno-Hatta, Batam, Ngurah Rai, Jakarta Barat, Jakarta Selatan, Medan, dan Surabaya.

b) 38 kantor imigrasi kelas I di :

Ambon, Balikpapan, Banda Aceh, Bandar Lampung, Bandung, Banjarmasin, Bengkulu, Denpasar, Gorontalo, Jakarta Pusat, Jakarta Timur, Jakarta Utara, Jambi, Jayapura, Kendari Kupang, Makassar, Malang, Manado, Mataram, Padang Palangkaraya, Palembang, Palu, Pangkal Pinang, Pekanbaru, Polonia, Pontianak, Samarinda, Semarang, Serang, Surakarta, Tangerang, Tanjung Pinang, Tanjung Perak, Tanjung Priok, Ternate, Yogyakarta.

c)60 kantor imigrasi kelas II di :

Atambua, Bagan Siapi Api, Belakang Padang, Belawan, Bengkalis, Biak, Bitung, Blitar, Bogor, Bukit Tinggi, Cilacap, Cilegon, Cirebon, Depok, Dumai, Entikong, Jember, Karawang, Kota Baru, Kuala Tungkal, Langsa, Lhokseumawe, Madiun, Mamuju, Manokwari, Maumere, Merauke, Meulaboh, Muara Enim, Nunukan, Pare-Pare, Pati, Pemalang, Pematang Siantar, Polewali Mandar, Ranai, Sabang, Sambas, Sampit, Sanggau, Selat Panjang, Siak, Sibolga, Singaraja, Singkawang, Sorong, Sukabumi, Sumabawa Besar, Tahuna, Tanjung Balai Asahan, Tanjung Balai Karimun, Tanjung Pandan, Tanjung Uban, Tarakan, Tasikmalaya, Tembaga Pura, Tembilahan, Tobelo, Tual, dan Wonosobo.

d) 10 kantor imigrasi kelas III di :

Bekasi, Dabo Singkep, Kalianda, Tarempa, Kota Bumi, Pamekasan, Kediri, Tanjung Redep, Takengon, dan Labuan Bajo.

Peresmian gedung baru Kantor Imigrasi (KANIM) Wonosobo, Cilacap, dan Pati oleh Menteri Hukum dan HAM, Amir Syamsudin.

2)13 rumah detensi imigrasi di :

Tanjung Pinang, Balikpapan, Denpasar, DKI Jakarta, Kupang, Makassar, Manado, Medan, Pekanbaru, Pontianak, Semarang, Surabaya, dan Jayapura.

Peletakan batu pertama pembangunan blok sel – rumah detensi imigrasi (RUDENIM) Semarang, Batam dan Balikpapan

oleh Menteri Hukum dan HAM, Amir Syamsudin.

3)33 tempat pemeriksaan imigrasi :

a) Bandar udara di :

Sultan Iskandar Muda Banda Aceh, Maimun Saleh Sabang, Binaka Sibolga, Polonia Medan, Minangkabau Padang, Fatmawati Soekarno Bengkulu, Kijang Tanjung Pinang, Sultan Syarif Kasim II Pekanbaru, Hang Nadim Batam, Sultan Mahmud Badaruddin II Palembang, Belitung Tanjung Pandan, Pangkal Pinang Pangkal Pinang, Soekarno-Hatta Jakarta, Halim Perdana Kusuma Jakarta, Husein Sastranegara Bandung, Ahmad Yani Semarang, Adi Sumarmo Surakarta, Adi Sucipto Yogyakarta, Juanda Surabaya, Supadio Pontianak, Sepinggan Balikpapan, Tarakan, Sam Ratulangi Manado, Hasanuddin Makassar, Ngurah Rai Bali, Selaparang Mataram, El Tari Kupang, Pattimura Ambon, Sentani Jayapura, Jeffman Sorong, Frans Kaisiepo Biak, Mopah Merauke, dan Timika Tembagapura.

b) Pelabuhan laut di :

Sabang, Malahayati Aceh, Krueng Raya Aceh, Lhokseumawe, Kuala Langsa Aceh, Belawan, Sibolga, Gunung Sitoli Sibolga, Teluk NibungTanjung Balai Asahan, Kuala Tanjung Tanjung Balai Asahan, Teluk Bayur Padang, Yos Sudarso Dumai, Pekanbaru, Bagan Siapiapi, Bengkalis, Tembilahan, Selat Panjang, Sungai Guntung Tembilahan, Kuala Enok Tembilahan, Sri Bintan Pura Tanjung Pinang, Sri Baintan Tanjung Pinang, Tanjung Uban, Bandar Bentan Telani Lagoi Tanjung Uban, Bandar Seri Udana Lobam Tanjung Uban, Tanjung Balai Karimun, Belakang Padang, Nongsa Terminal Bahari Batam, Kabil Batam, Marina Teluk Senimba Batam, Batam Centre Batam, Citra Tritunas Batam, Batu Ampar Batam, Sekupang Batam, Ranai, Tarempa, Pulau Baai Bengkulu, Panjang Lampung, Palembang, Pangkal Balam Pangkal Pinang, Tanjung Kelian Bangka Belitung, Tanjung Gudang Bangka Belitung, Tanjung Pandan, Jambi, Kuala Tungkal, Tanjung Priok Jakarta, Cirebon, Ciwandan Cilegon, Tanjung Mas Semarang, Cilacap, Tanjung Perak Surabaya, Pasuruan, Probolinggo, Besuki, Panarukan, Banyuwangi, Pontianak, Singkawang, Pemangkat Singkawang, Sintete Singkawang, Tri Sakti Banjarmasin, Kota Baru, Sampit, Balikpapan, Samarinda, Tarakan, Nunukan, Manado, Marore, Miangas, Tahuna, itung, Pantoloan Palu, Soekarno-Hatta Makassar, Pare-Pare, Kendari, Buleleng Bali, Benoa Bali, Padang Bai Bali, Benete Mataram, Lembar Mataram, Tenau Kupang, Maumere, Ambon, Ternate, Tual, Jayapura, Biak, Merauke, Amamapare Tembagapura, Sorong, Siak Sri Indrapura Siak.

4) 79 pos lintas batas, di provinsi :

Kalimantan Barat, Kalimantan Timur, Riau, Kepulauan Riau, Sulawesi Utara, Nusa Tenggara Timur, dan Papua.

5) 19 atase/konsul imigrasi pada Perwakilan RI di :

Bangkok, Beijing, Berlin, Den Haag, Kuala Lumpur Malaysia, Singapura, Tokyo, Davao, Hongkong, Jeddah, Los Angeles, Penang, Sydney, Taipei, Johor, Dili, Guang Zhou, Kuching, dan Tawao.

c. Ketatalaksanaan

Hasil-hasil yang telah dicapai di bidang ketatalaksanaan sampai tahun 2003 adalah: (1) Pengolahan data kedatangan dan keberangkatan WNI/WNA di Direktorat Jenderal Imigrasi telah terekam yang dikirim dari tempat pemeriksaan imigrasi dengan sistem inteligent character recognation (ICR), (2) Perekaman dan penyimpanan data keimigrasian melalui electronic filing system, (3) Penyusunan pola umum kriteria klasifikasi kantor imigrasi, (4) Perencanaan SIMKIM, standarisasi pola umum bangunan UPT imigrasi dan standarisasi pelayanan imigrasi.

d. Sumber Daya Manusia

Pada era globalisasi ini diperkirakan pelanggaran keimigrasian akan meningkat dan lebih canggih sebagai ekses meningkatnya jumlah dan frekuensi lalulintas orang antarnegara. Keberadaan dan kegiatan orang asing di wilayah Indonesiaakan semakin meningkat. Untuk itu Direktorat Jenderal Imigrasi memerlukan sumber daya manusia (SDM) yang lebih berkualitas, profesional, memiliki etos kerja yang baik, berdedikasi tinggi dan bermoral. Implementasi kebijakan pengembangan SDM yang bersinergi dengan penataan sistem kelembagaan dan ketatalaksanaan, antara lain dilakukan dengan penyelenggaraan: (1) Pembukaan kembali Akademi Imigrasi Tahun 2000, (2) Pendidikan dan Pelatihan Teknis Keimigrasian, dan (3) Pendidikan dan Latihan Penjenjangan. Selain itu program pendidikan luar negeri bagi pejabat/pegawai imigrasi mulai dilaksanakan yang bersifat akademis yaitu Strata S-2 (Magister/Master) dan Strata S-3 (Doktoral/PhD), maupun shortcourse (diklat singkat), antara lain di Negara Australia, Taiwan, Jepang, dan Korea Selatan. Untuk dalam negeri juga telah dikembangkan program pendidikan beasiswa bekerja sama dengan perguruan tinggi negeri antara lain Universitas Indonesia dan Universitas Padjajaran. Ini tidak termasuk dengan peningkatan kapasitas pegawai imigrasi secara personal yang bersifat swadaya dengan menempuh pendidikan baik Strata S-1 maupun pascasarjana di beberapa perguruan tinggi terkemuka seperti Universitas Diponegoro, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Universitas Udayana, Universitas Sebelas Maret, dan lainnya.

Kunjungan Menteri Hukum dan HAM, Amir Syamsudin, Wakil Menteri Hukum dan HAM, Denny Indrayana,

dan Inspektur Jenderal Kemenkumham, Sam L. Tobing terkait SIMKIM.

e. Sarana dan Prasarana

Program pengembangan sarana dan prasarana yang difokuskan oleh Direktorat Jenderal Imigrasi antara lain: (1) Pembangunan fisik gedung kantor-kantor Imigrasi di daerah, (2) Pembangunan fisik rumah detensi imigrasi, (3) Peningkatan fasilitas pos lintas batas di daerah-daerah perbatasan antarnegara, (4) Pengadaan fasilitas visa on arrival/visa kunjungan saat kedatangan di beberapa bandara internasional, (5) Pengadaan full inteligent character recognation (ICR) di beberapa unit pelaksana teknis yang membawahi tempat pemeriksaan imigrasi (TPI), (6) Pengadaan electronic filing system di Direktorat Jenderal Imigrasi, (7) Perencanaan pembangunan sistem informasi manajemen keimigrasian (SIMKIM), (8) Pembangunan laboratorium forensik di Direktorat Jenderal Imigrasi, (9) Pengadaan alat EDISON untuk mengetahui spesifikasi paspor kebangsaan seluruh negara, (10) Pengadaan alat untuk mendeteksi dokumen palsu, (11) Rencana pembangunan border management information system dan alert system bekerja sama dengan Department of Imigration and Multi Cultural and Indigeneous Affairs (DIMIA) dan International Organization for Migration (IOM).

f. Pengaturan Keimigrasian

Pada era reformasi Direktorat Jenderal Imigrasi telah melakukan beberapa pengaturan mengenai masalah keimigrasian antara lain: (1) Pengaturan bebas visa secara resiprokal, dan pengaturan visa on arrival (VOA), (2) Pengaturan visa khusus bagi turis lanjut usia (Lansia), (3) Pengaturan fasiltas APEC business travel card (ABTC), (4) pengawasan, penangkalan dan penindakan orang asing, (5) visa stiker, (6) kerja sama keimigrasian baik di dalam negerimaupun di luar negeri, (7) pendeportasian imigran ilegal, (8) Kasus pemalsuan paspor paspor untuk TKI, (9) pencegahan dan penangkalan, (10) clearence house (CH), yaitu forum koordinasi dengan anggota terdiri dari instansi yang menangani orang asing untuk melakukan penelitian dalam rangka memberikan persetujuan visa bagi negara-negara tertentu yang dikategorikan sebagai negara rawan dari sisi ipoleksosbudhankamnas serta keimigrasian.

Rapat Tim Pengawasan Orang Asing Tingkat Pusat (TIM PORA).

Tag : Profil