• Colonial Era

Its wealth in natural resources, especially as a producer of plantation commodities traded on the world market, has made Indonesian Territory dominated by the Dutch East Indies to attract foreign countries to participate in developing the trade business of plantation commodities. To regulate the flow of foreign arrivals into the territory of the Dutch East Indies, the colonial government in 1913 established the Secretary Office of Immigration Commission and as its duties and functions continued to developed, in 1921 the Secretary Office of Immigration Commission was changed into immigratie dients (immigration agency).

Immigration agency in the Dutch East Indies colonial era was under the Director of Justice, which in its organization structure there seemed to be formation of sections, such as visa section and other sections as needed. Corps official immigration was expanded. High educated and experienced officers were hired at the main office. Many of them were sent from the Nedherlands (uitgezonden krachten). All key positions of immigration services were in the hands of Dutch officials.

The immigration policy regulated by the Dutch East Indies government was open door politic (opendeur politiek). Through this policy, the Dutch East Indies government opened the widest opportunity for foreigners to enter, stay and become citizens of the Dutch East Indies. The main purpose to the implementation of the “open door” immigration policy was to gain allies and investors from other countries in developing export of plantation commodity in the Dutch East Indies territory. Moreover, the foreigners presence was also used to collectively exploit and suppress the indigenous people.

Although the number was growing (an addition to the immigration agency offices in several region), the organization structure of the Dutch East Indies government immigration agency was relatively simple. This was presummably related to the relatively small number of arrival and departure mobility from and/or to other country at that time. There were only three (3) immigration sections which was managed during the Dutch East Indies governance, namely: (a) entry permit and stay permit section; (b) foreigners residency section for; and (c) citizenship section. The government regulations used to manage those three sections were Admission Decision (Toelatings Besluit) 1916; Admission Order (Toelatings Ordonnantie) 1917; and  Pasport Scheme (Paspor Regelings) 1918. 

Proses pendaftaran orang asing phase I (POA-I) tahun 1954.

Foreigners registration process phase I (POA-I) in 1954.

(translated by: Yessy Successly)

Independence Revolution Era

The colonial era of the Dutch East Indies began to end with the entry of Japan to Indonesian territory in 1942. However, during the Japanese colonial era there was almost no fundamental change in the immigration regulations. In other words, during the Japanese colonial era the law product of the Dutch East Indies was still used. The importance of immigration regulation existence reached its momentum when Indonesia proclaiming its independence in 17 August 1945.

There were four (4) important events related to immigration after the proclamation of independence of the Republic of Indonesia, namely: (1) Repatriation of Allied Prisoners of War and Internees (APWI) and Japanese soldier; this event was marked by the transport of ex APWI as well as disarmament and transport of Japanese soldiers, particularly in Central Java and generally in Java and Indonesia, which was managed by

Panitia Oeroesan Pengangkoetan Djepang (POPDA); (2) Barter, weapons and aircraft purchase; in the era of Independence Revolution, the fighters often travelled abroad, such as entering Singapore and Malaysia, without passport; (3) Diplomatic struggle; started with organizing Inter Asian Conference in New Delhi. In that occasion, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs Republic of Indonesia finally managed to issue “Certificate in lieu of a passport” as the first interstate travel document after the independence, for the official mission of legitimate Indonesian government in the conference. Indonesian delegation led by H. Agus Salim introduced “Diplomatic Passport” of Indonesian government to the International world; and (4) Immigration in Aceh; Aceh as the only Indonesian territory which never colonized by the Dutch had established immigration offices in five cities since 1945 and continue to operate during the independence revolution era. The establishment of immigration office in Aceh since 1945 was conducted by Amirudin. An important event during this era was that Immigration Bureau which originally under the Department of Justice, in 1947 had turned under the authority of the Department of Foreign Affairs.

Moreover, to prevent legal vacuum, the existing immigration law and regulation as a product of the Dutch East Indies government had to be revoked and replaced by a legal product in harmony with the soul of independence.  During the independence revolution era, there were two legal products of the Dutch East Indies related to immigration revoked, namely: (a) Toelatings Besluit (1916) was replaced by Stipulation of Entry Permit, which was added to State Gazette Number 330 of 1949, and (b) Toelatings Ordonnantie (1917) was replaced by Entry Permit Order in the State Gazette Number 331 of 1949. During the independence revolution era, immigration institution still used organization structure and working procedure of immigration agency (Immigratie Dients) from the Dutch East Indies.

Foreigners registration process phase I (POA-I) in 1954 in Bandung Immigration Office.

(translated by: Yessy Successly) 

• The Era of United Republic of Indonesia (RIS)

The United Republic of Indonesia is the climax of the long history in the establishment of immigration institution in Indonesia. In this era, immigration agency as the product of the Dutch East Indies was handed over to Indonesian government in 26 January 1950. The organization structure, working procedure and several legal products of the Dutch East Indies related to immigration was still used, as long as it was not contradictory to the interest of Indonesia. The Head of Immigration Bureau was led by Indonesian native, Mr. H.J Adiwinata, for the first time. The organization structure of the immigration bureau continued the structure of the old immigration agency (immigratie dients), while the organization of immigration bureau was still simple and under the coordination of the Ministry of Justice, whether operational-tactical, administrative, or organizational.

In the beginning of 1950, as a newly independent nation which was still in the atmosphere of upheaval, the supporting facilities and infrastructure of immigration bureau was still very limited and simple. The most fundamental difficulty was the small number of indigenous officers who understand the duty and function of immigration. Therefore, because it was a part of transition period, the immigration bureau still hired Dutch employees. From a total of 459 employees of immigration bureau in Indonesia, 160 employees were Dutch. The basic law and regulations used by the immigration bureau of the United Republic of Indonesia was still the legacy of the Dutch East Indies, namely: (a) Indische Staatsregeling, (b) Toelatings Besluit, (c) Toelatings Ordonnantie.

In a relatively short period, the immigration bureau in the era of the United Republic of Indonesia had issued three (3) legal products, namely (a) Decision of Minister of Justice of the United Republic of Indonesia, Number JZ/239/12, dated 12 July 1950 on passenger report to the head of custom when harbouring in an unofficial sea port, (b)

Emergency Law of the United Republic of Indonesia, Number 40 of 1950 on Travel Document of the Republic of Indonesia, and (c) Emergency Law of the United Republic of Indonesia, Number 42 of 1950 on Immigration Fees (State Gazette Number 84 of 1950, Supplement to State Gazette Number 77).

Mr. H. Joesoef Adiwinata birefed Immigration Staff.

(translated by: Yessy Successly)

The Era of Parliamentary Democracy

The crucial period in the era of United Republic of Indonesia continued in the Era of Parliamentary Democracy, one of which related to the end of employment contract of the Dutch employees at the end of 1952. The end of their employment contract became a crucial thing because at that time the Indonesian government was rapidly developing the immigration bureau. During the period of 1950-1960, the immigration bureau opened immigration offices and appointed new sea ports.

On a decade of immigration services, 26 January 1960, immigration bureau had successfully developed its organization by establishing the Immigration Head Office in Jakarta, 26 regional immigration offices, 3 immigration offices, 1 immigration inspectorate office and 7 immigration post abroad. In the field of immigration human resources, in January 1960, the total number of immigration bureau employees had increased to 1256 people, all of them are Indonesian, included administrative officers and immigration technical officers.

In the field of immigration control, from this period, Indonesian government has the freedom to change the immigration colonial policy of opendeur politiek (open door politic) into selective policy. The selective policy was based on the protection of national interest and emphasized in a principle of granting a greater protection for Indonesian citizen. Approaches used and conducted simultaneously included prosperity approach and security approach. Several immigration controls issued were: (1) immigration mobility control; namely immigration documents check of passengers and ship crew from abroad conducted on board during the voyage, (2) Control in the field of foreigner residency, by the enactment of Emergency Law Number 9 of 1955 on Foreigner Recidency (State Gazette of 1955 Number 33, Supplement to State Gazette Number 812), (3) Control in the field of foreigner supervision, by the enactment of Emergency Law Number 9 of 1953 on Foreigner Supervision (State Gazette of 1953 Number 64, Supplement to State Gazette Number 463), (4) Control regarding offense/criminal conduct/criminal event/criminal act in immigration field, by the enactment of Emergency Law Number 8 of 1955 on Immigration Criminal Acts (State Gazette of 1955 Number 28, Supplement to State Gazette Number 807), (5) Control in the field of citizenship, in this period, an important regulation product on citizenship was enacted, namely Regulation Number 2 of 1958 on Agreement Between the Republic of Indonesia and the People Republic of China on Dual Citizenship (State Gazette of 1958 Number), (6) and Regulation Number 62 of 1958 on Citizenship of the Republic of Indonesia (State Gazette of 1958 Number 113, Supplement to State Gazette Number 1647), (7) Chinese Citizenship Problem, (8) Implementation of Foreigner Registration. 

In addition, legal product related to immigration were managed gradually in this era, such as visa, passport and interstate travel document, handling of immigration criminal act, foreigner registration, and citizenship. One of important legal products issued during the era of Parliamentary Democracy was replacement of Pasport Scheme (1918) with Regulation Number 14 of 1959 on Travel Document of the Republic of Indonesia (State Gazette of 1959 Number 56, Supplement to State Gazette Number 1799). 

Immigration officer in the early days of Indonesian immigration.

(translated by: Yessy Successly)

Era of New Order

The era of New Order government was the longest era since Indonesian independence. That long government era had given a great contribution to the consolidation of immigration institution, even though in its implementation there was several changes of the main organization. A relatively high political stability and economic development during the New Order encouraged immigration institution in Indonesia to grow and be professional in providing its services to the public. In this era, there were several changes of cabinet organization and department division of duties, which in turn brought changes to the immigration organization. On 3 November 1966, the policy on Organization Structure and Department Division of Duties was enacted and changed the institution of Directorate of Immigration, as one of the main executors in the Department of Justice, into the Directorate General of Immigration which was led by a Director General of Immigration. This change was followed by the construction of extensive physical infrastructure in the Directorate General of Immigration. The construction of office buildings, official residences, immigration post, as well as detention house was conducted year after year. In the field of HR and career development, the zigzag system (not fixated on one post) of employee career placement and development of the Directorate General of Immigration was continued. The career coaching system in immigration field was also continuously enhanced by maintaining the principle of professionalism and justice.

The increasing workload and need for data accuracy encouraged the Directorate General of Immigration to immediately implement a computerized system in the field of immigration. At the beginning of 1978, for the first time, the computerized system was established in the Directorate General of Immigration, while the use of computers on immigration information system began on 1 January 1979.

In the field of immigration legislation in the era of New Order, in supporting the Government National Development program, many immigration regulation products were created to streamline immigration services and/or supporting various development sectors, including regulation related to: (1) immigration services, (2) completion of landing document check on board of hajj pilgrims in 1974, (3) completion of document check on board of Garuda Indonesia aircraft, with flight route Jakarta – Tokyo, (4) improvement of passport printing quality, (5) regulating border crossing issues, (6) regulating exemption for immigration facilities, (7) handling of illegal Indonesian Workers in the border area, (8) regulating organization of umrah, (9) regulating issues related to prohibited exit and prohibited entry, (10) regulating immigration matters related to manpower, (11) regulating visa in 1979, (12) issues related to foreigner who enter to and/or stay in Indonesian territory illegally, (13) abolishing exit permit for Indonesian Citizen.

One thing unforgettable in this era of New Order was the issuance of the new immigration regulation, namely Regulation Number 9 of 1992 on Immigration (State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia of 1992 Number 33, Supplement to State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia Number 3474), passed by the House of Representatives on 4 March 1992. In addition to being the result of the previous regulations, part of it was left by the Dutch East Indies Government, this Immigration Regulation was also compiled from the substances scattered in the previous products of immigration regulation, until the Regulation Number 9 of 1992 came into effect.

The issuance of Regulation Number 9 of 1992 was followed by the stipulation of Government Regulations as its implementation in: (1) Government Regulation Number 30 of 1994 on Procedure of Prohibited Exit and Prohibited Entry (State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia of 1994 Number 53, Supplement to State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia Number 3561), (2) Government Regulation Number 31 of 1994 on Foreigner Supervision and Immigration Action (State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia of 1994 Number 54, Supplement to State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia Number 3562), (3) Government Regulation Number 32 of 1994 on Visa, Entry Permit, and Immigration Permit (State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia of 1994 Number 55, Supplement to State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia Number 3563), and Government Regulation Number 36 of 1994 on Travel Document of the Republic of Indonesia (State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia of 1994 Number 65, Supplement to State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia Number 3572).

(translated by: Yessy Successly)

The Era of Reform

Economic crisis in 1997 had ended the long period of the Era of New Order and started the Era of Reform. Public aspirations expect a strong commitment to promote the values of Human Rights, law and justice enforcement, corruption eradication, democratization, good governance, transparency and accountability, including a demand to accelerate regional autonomy.

Passport Application Services

Meanwhile, globalization of information fuses the world boundless, encourage the developing countries (WTO) to make the world a free market since 2000, and prioritize protection and enforcement of Human Rights and democratization. Globalization stream produces borderless countries and promotes an increasing intensity of people movement between countries. This has caused problems in several countries, including Indonesia which has a very strategic geographical location, which in turn influencing the live of Indonesian people and the duty of immigration. In the operational practice, there were some problems related to foreigners, which needed to be addressed further. Global and domestic strategic environment has developed rapidly, that it demands all government bureaucracy components, including immigration in Indonesia to be responsive to the global dynamics. For example, the implementation of economic regional cooperation has ease the movement of people, both Indonesia citizens and foreigners, in and out of Indonesian territory. An increase in the movement of people in and out of Indonesian territory has certainly required the more reliable and accurate management and services system. The duty of immigration today is getting heavier, in line with the rampant problem of terrorism and escape of criminals abroad. To overcome the strategic environment dynamics which gaining momentum, the immigration field is required to anticipate it with law and regulations and more sophisticated facilities. Regulation and policy in immigration have to be responsive to the demand in shifting paradigm of immigration function. The paradigm of immigration function in the implementation of Regulation Number 9 of 1992 used to emphasize services efficiency to support the issue of global free market, but less focused on law enforcement and security function. Starting from this era, it has to be balanced with the security and law enforcement function..

In addressing those problems and the issues of national and international development, the Directorate General of Immigration has conducted several work programmes as follow:

a. Amendment of Law and Regulations

The government amended the Regulation Number 9 of 1992 on Immigration. This was in accordance with several anticipated improvements, namely: (1) The geographical location of Indonesia (complexity of interstate problems), (2) Treaty/International Convention which has impact on implementation of immigration function, (3) An increase in international and transnational crime, (4) Regulation regarding detainee and the period of detention has not been comprehensive, (5) Systematic approach to specific and universal immigration function by utilizing modern information and communication technology, (6) To place the structure of immigration office and immigration detention center as a technical implementation unit under the Directorate General of Immigration, (7) The change in citizenship system in accordance with Regulation Number 12 of 2006 on Citizenship of the Republic of Indonesia, (8) Sovereignty rights in accordance with the reciprocal principle in granting visa to foreigners, (9) Agreement to harmonize and synchronize the system and types of travel document security internationally, (10) Immigration law enforcement has not been effective, so that convicting policy needs to state a minimum penalty for people smuggling crime, (11) Expanding the subject of immigration crime to include not only individuals, but also corporation and sponsor which violate immigration regulation, (12) Imposing heavier sanction to foreigner who violates immigration regulation, because the sanction so far has not given a deterrent effect.

Working environment at an immigration office, in finalization process of passport issuance in the Immigration and Mobility Section

 The proposal of amending the Regulation Number 9 of 1992 on Immigration included in the National Legislation Program (Prolegnas) immediately, to be discussed by the House of Representatives. After a long discussion with Commission III of the House of Representatives, the draft of new Immigration Regulation finally been approved and proposed to be legalized as a Regulation at the Plenary Meeting of the House of Representative on 7 April 2011. Later, the President of the Republic of Indonesia enacted the Regulation Number 6 of 2011 on Immigration on 5 May 2011, which was promulgated in the State Gazette of Republic of Indonesia of 2011 Number 52, Additional to State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia Number 5126.

b. Institution

As an impact of regional autonomy implementation and development in some countries, immigration duty in provinces, municipalities/ regencies and in related countries is increasing, in line with the dynamics characteristic of the community life. To anticipate such phenomenon, the Directorate General of Immigration has formulated policies: (1) Establishment of immigration offices in regional area, (2) Class Upgrade for several immigration offices, (3) Establishment of Directorate of Intelligence, (4) Establishment of Immigration Detention Centre, (5) Addition of immigration checkpoints, and (6) Designation of immigration attaché/consulate at Indonesian representative office in Guangzhou-PRC. 

The number of Immigration institution which is spreading in some regional areas and abroad until today, as follow: 

1)    115 immigration offices:

a) 77 immigration offices (Special Class I) 

              Soekarno-Hatta, Batam, Ngurah Rai, Jakarta Barat, Jakarta Selatan, Medan, dan Surabaya.

b) 38 (immigration offices (Special Class I)  :

             Ambon, Balikpapan, Banda Aceh, Bandar Lampung, Bandung, Banjarmasin, Bengkulu, Denpasar, Gorontalo, Jakarta Pusat, Jakarta Timur, Jakarta Utara, Jambi, Jayapura, Kendari Kupang, Makassar, Malang, Manado, Mataram, Padang Palangkaraya, Palembang, Palu, Pangkal Pinang, Pekanbaru, Polonia, Pontianak, Samarinda, Semarang, Serang, Surakarta, Tangerang, Tanjung Pinang, Tanjung Perak, Tanjung Priok, Ternate, Yogyakarta.

c) 60 immigration offices (Class II) in :

Atambua, Bagan Siapi Api, Belakang Padang, Belawan, Bengkalis, Biak, Bitung, Blitar, Bogor, Bukit Tinggi, Cilacap, Cilegon, Cirebon, Depok, Dumai, Entikong, Jember, Karawang, Kota Baru, Kuala Tungkal, Langsa, Lhokseumawe, Madiun, Mamuju, Manokwari, Maumere, Merauke, Meulaboh, Muara Enim, Nunukan, Pare-Pare, Pati, Pemalang, Pematang Siantar, Polewali Mandar, Ranai, Sabang, Sambas, Sampit, Sanggau, Selat Panjang, Siak, Sibolga, Singaraja, Singkawang, Sorong, Sukabumi, Sumabawa Besar, Tahuna, Tanjung Balai Asahan, Tanjung Balai Karimun, Tanjung Pandan, Tanjung Uban, Tarakan, Tasikmalaya, Tembaga Pura, Tembilahan, Tobelo, Tual, dan Wonosobo.

d) 10 immigration offices (Class III) di :

Bekasi, Dabo Singkep, Kalianda, Tarempa, Kota Bumi, Pamekasan, Kediri, Tanjung Redep, Takengon, dan Labuan Bajo.

Mr. Amir Syamsudin, the Ministry of Law and Human Rights, officiated new immigration offices in Wonosobo, Cilacap and Pati.

2) 13 Immigration Detention Centers in :

    Tanjung Pinang, Balikpapan, Denpasar, DKI Jakarta, Kupang, Makassar, Manado, Medan, Pekanbaru, Pontianak, Semarang, Surabaya, dan Jayapura.

Groundbreaking in the establishment of Immigration Detention Centre in Semarang, Batam, and Balikpapan by the Ministry of Law and Human Rights, Amir Syamsudin.

3) 33 Immigration Checkpoints:

a) Airports :

Sultan Iskandar Muda Banda Aceh, Maimun Saleh Sabang, Binaka Sibolga, Polonia Medan, Minangkabau Padang, Fatmawati Soekarno Bengkulu, Kijang Tanjung Pinang, Sultan Syarif Kasim II Pekanbaru, Hang Nadim Batam, Sultan Mahmud Badaruddin II Palembang, Belitung Tanjung Pandan, Pangkal Pinang Pangkal Pinang, Soekarno-Hatta Jakarta, Halim Perdana Kusuma Jakarta, Husein Sastranegara Bandung, Ahmad Yani Semarang, Adi Sumarmo Surakarta, Adi Sucipto Yogyakarta, Juanda Surabaya, Supadio Pontianak, Sepinggan Balikpapan, Tarakan, Sam Ratulangi Manado, Hasanuddin Makassar, Ngurah Rai Bali, Selaparang Mataram, El Tari Kupang, Pattimura Ambon, Sentani Jayapura, Jeffman Sorong, Frans Kaisiepo Biak, Mopah Merauke, dan Timika Tembagapura.

b) Seaports :

Sabang, Malahayati Aceh, Krueng Raya Aceh, Lhokseumawe, Kuala Langsa Aceh, Belawan, Sibolga, Gunung Sitoli Sibolga, Teluk NibungTanjung Balai Asahan, Kuala Tanjung Tanjung Balai Asahan, Teluk Bayur Padang, Yos Sudarso Dumai, Pekanbaru, Bagan Siapiapi, Bengkalis, Tembilahan, Selat Panjang, Sungai Guntung Tembilahan, Kuala Enok Tembilahan, Sri Bintan Pura Tanjung Pinang, Sri Baintan Tanjung Pinang, Tanjung Uban, Bandar Bentan Telani Lagoi Tanjung Uban, Bandar Seri Udana Lobam Tanjung Uban, Tanjung Balai Karimun, Belakang Padang, Nongsa Terminal Bahari Batam, Kabil Batam, Marina Teluk Senimba Batam, Batam Centre Batam, Citra Tritunas Batam, Batu Ampar Batam, Sekupang Batam, Ranai, Tarempa, Pulau Baai Bengkulu, Panjang Lampung, Palembang, Pangkal Balam Pangkal Pinang, Tanjung Kelian Bangka Belitung, Tanjung Gudang Bangka Belitung, Tanjung Pandan, Jambi, Kuala Tungkal, Tanjung Priok Jakarta, Cirebon, Ciwandan Cilegon, Tanjung Mas Semarang, Cilacap, Tanjung Perak Surabaya, Pasuruan, Probolinggo, Besuki, Panarukan, Banyuwangi, Pontianak, Singkawang, Pemangkat Singkawang, Sintete Singkawang, Tri Sakti Banjarmasin, Kota Baru, Sampit, Balikpapan, Samarinda, Tarakan, Nunukan, Manado, Marore, Miangas, Tahuna, itung, Pantoloan Palu, Soekarno-Hatta Makassar, Pare-Pare, Kendari, Buleleng Bali, Benoa Bali, Padang Bai Bali, Benete Mataram, Lembar Mataram, Tenau Kupang, Maumere, Ambon, Ternate, Tual, Jayapura, Biak, Merauke, Amamapare Tembagapura, Sorong, Siak Sri Indrapura Siak.

4) 79 Border Crossing Checking Points in the province of:

West Borneo, East Borneo, Riau, Riau Islands, North Sulawesi, East Nusa Tenggara and Papua

5) 19 immigration attaché/ consulate in representative offices of the Republic of Indonesia in :

Bangkok, Beijing, Berlin, Den Haag, Kuala Lumpur Malaysia, Singapura, Tokyo, Davao, Hongkong, Jeddah, Los Angeles, Penang, Sydney, Taipei, Johor, Dili, Guang Zhou, Kuching, and Tawao.

c. Governance

Results which had been achieved in the field of governance until 2003 were: (1) Arrival and departure data processing of Indonesia citizen/ foreigners in the Directorate General of Immigration had been recorded and sent from the immigration checkpoint by using intelligent character recognition (ICR) system, (2) Recording and saving immigration data by using electronic filing system, (3) Formulating the general pattern of classification criteria for immigration offices, (4) Planning of SIMKIM (Immigration Management Information System) and setting standard for UPT (Technical Implementation Unit) building general pattern, and immigration services. 

d. Human Resources


In this globalization era, it is estimated that immigration violation will be increasing and more sophisticated than before, as a result from an increase in the amount and frequency of people interstate mobility. The foreigner’s existence and activity in Indonesian territory will be increasing. Thus, the Directorate General of Immigration needs more qualified and professional human resources with better work ethic, higher dedication and better morals. The implementation of the human resources development policy in synergy with governance system administration, is conducted with: (1) Reopening of Immigration Academy in 2000, (2) Immigration Technical Education and Training, (3) Education and Training for Stratification. In addition, academic education program for immigration officer/staff to study Magister/Master and Doctoral/PhD degree, and short courses abroad, such as Australia, Taiwan, Japan, and South Korea, were started. In national level, scholarship education programs were developed, in cooperation with state university such as Universitas Indonesia and Universitas Padjajaran. It excluded the personal and independent capacity building program for immigration officers, both bachelor and master degree, in several popular universities such as Universitas Diponegoro, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Universitas Udayana, Universitas Sebelas Maret, etc.


A visit of the Ministry of Law and Human Rights, Amir Syamsudin, Deputy Minister of Law and Human Rights, Denny Indrayana, and Inspector General of the Ministry of Law and Human Rights, Sam L.Tobing, regarding SIMKIM (Immigration Management Information System).


e. Facilities

The Directorate General of Immigration has been focusing the facilities development programs on: (1) Development of immigration offices building in regional areas, (2) Development of immigration detention centers building, (3) Development of border crossing checkpoints facilities at the state border areas, (4) Procurement of Visa on Arrival (VOA) facilities in several international airport, (5) Procurement of fullIntelligent Character Recognition (ICR) in several technical implementation units which supervise immigration checkpoints, (6) Procurement of electronic filing system in the Directorate General of Immigration, (7) Development planning of Immigration Management Information System (SIMKIM), (8) Establishment of forensic laboratory in the Directorate General of Immigration, (9) Procurement of EDISON devices to learn about passport specification of all countries, (10) Procurement of devices to detect false document, (11) Cooperation with the Department of Immigration and Multi-Cultural and Indigenous Affairs (DIMIA) and International Organization for Migration (IOM) in planning the development of border management information system and alert system.

f. Immigration Regulation

In the era of reform, the Directorate General of Immigration has regulated immigration issues, such as: (1) Regulation on reciprocal free-visa and regulation on visa on arrival (VOA), (2) Regulation on special visa for elderly visitor, (3) Regulation on APEC Business Travel Card (ABTC), (4) Supervision, prohibited-entry and compliance to foreigners, (5) sticker visa, (6) Immigration cooperation, both nationally and internationally, (7) Deportation of illegal migrants, (8) Cases of passport falsification for Indonesian Workers (TKI), (9) Prohibited-Exit and  Prohibited-Entry, (10) Clearence House (CH), is a coordination forum whose members are from several agencies which handle foreigners. This forum studies visa applications from certain countries which categorized as high risk countries, in terms of their ideology, politic, social, culture, security defense and immigration.

Headquarter Level Meeting of Foreigner Supervision Team (TIM PORA)

(translated by: Yessy Successly)

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